Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece

Olympian Gods » Athena

Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom

Roman name: Minerva

Family of Athena

Parents: Goddess Athena was a daughter of Zeus, the King of the Gods, and Metis, the first wife of Zeus, who was keeping inside herself all the world's wisdom. [Read the story of her birth...]
Athena never married and had no children.

The Role of Athena

Athena was the goddess who taught mankind various skills such as weaving and sewing to the women and agriculture and metallurgy to men. She was always giving precious advice and stood by on any danger. Athena protected the heroes as they went out to war and saved them on their coming back.

Athena and the City of Athens

After competing against the Greek god Poseidon, Athena officially became the patron deity of the city of ancient Athens and the Parthenon was built in her honour. She was known as "Athena Nike" (Athena the victorious), as she was believed to have given the Athenians the victory during the Persian War.

Appearance of Athena

A tall, slim woman with bluish-green eyes trickling light, wearing a suit of armour and a golden helmet. [1]

Symbols of Athena

Athena's symbols were the spear, the distaff and the aegis (a shield of goatskin), to which the head of the Gorgon Medusa was fastened in order to terrify the opponents).
Athena's tree was the olive tree and her sacred animal was the owl, the symbol of wisdom.


Titles of Athena

  • Anemotis ("protector of the winds")
  • Areia ("war-like")
  • Damasippos ("teaching how to train horses")
  • Ergane ("goddess of skills and crafts")
  • Glaukopis ("green-eyed")
  • Hippia ("guide of the horses")
  • Hygieia
  • Nike ("bringer of victory")
  • Pallas ("youthful")
  • Polios ("defender/guardian of the city")
  • Promachos ("leader of the battle")
  • Soteira ("saviour")

Picture Gallery

Athena photo gallery

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