Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece

Pleiades, the goddesses of the mountains

Who were the Pleiades?

The Pleiades were goddesses of the mountains and the companions of Artemis.
Her names were Maea, Electra, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaino, Sterope and Merope.

According to Apollodorus, the Pleiades were seven sisters created by the Titan Atlas and his mate Pleione, the daughter of the Titan Oceanus.

The Pleiades and Orion

According to a myth, Orion, the son of Poseidon, was pursuing the Pleiades for five whole years. But in the end Zeus, the King of the Gods, took pity on them and transformed the Pleiades into doves, and then into a constellation of seven stars, the famous Pleiades. The brightest stars of the constellation were named after the sisters. However, Orion also transformed into a star ...and it is said that he still continues chasing them across the night sky.

The Pleiades and the Gods

Nearly all of the Pleiades paired with great gods and gave birth to gods and tribal leaders.

Maea, the eldest and most beautiful Pleiad, mated with Zeus, the king of the gods and gave birth to Hermes, the messenger of the Gods.

Electra also mated with Zeus and gave birth to Dardanos, the founder of Troy.

Taygete once saw Zeus in her dreams and after nine months she gave birth to Lacedaemon,founder of Sparta. A Greek mountain was named in her honor

Celaino and Alcyone both mated with Poseidon, the god of the Seas. Celaino gave birth to Lycos, and Ancestor of the Arcadians, in the islands of the Blessed, somewhere in the Western Ocean. According to a myth, she got hit by thunder. Alcyone was raped by Poseidon and gave birth to three children, one daughter, Aithousa, and two sons, Hyrieus and Hyperenor.

Sterope mated with Ares, the god of war, and gave birth to Oenomaus, the King of Pisa in Western Greece.

Merope, the 'Lost Pleiad', was the only Pleiad who got married to a mortal man called Sisyphus. That's the reason her star was the weakest among the others.


Picture Gallery

Pleiades photo gallery